The Meaning of Peace

From Karl Polanyi
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Text in English to type

1. The Postulate of Peace

3. The Pacifist Fallacy

4. The Tolerance Analogy

5. What is to Replace War?

6. The Reform of Consciousness


7. Pacifism and the Working-Class Movement

Text Informations

Date: 1938
KPA: 18/39 (19 typed p. hand-corrected) + 20/13

Editor's Notes

  1. Compare this lecture with the one A. Rotstein describes in his “Weekend Notes XIX (1957), 31-32: “P. has a lecture which he gave on the emergence of reform of consciousness in 1927 or '29. (…) The essential thing in the reform of consciousness was the acceptance of the reality of society. (…) The lecture was called "Reformietes Bewusstsein”. It maintained that first there was conscious religious consciousness and second to take upon oneself the burden of society with unalterable alternatives. Thirdly, the reform of consciousness was not absolute but it is a reform of consciousness which receives in itself the need for compromise as resignation, and turns without any qualification to the reaching of these ideals: "in fascism there is a false resignation – social reality is set as impossible to salve it. Out of this national socialism finds no way out but to attack the basic religious position”.