Key:

Text redacted and finished (in French at the moment)
Text containing elements but not all and that need to be written correctly (in French at the moment)
Part in which (almost) everything is to find and/or write

Introduction

Niv. 2 Niv. 3 Niv. 4 P.
2011-2017 6
A human research… all too human 10
The problematic status of relatives and victims 15
Good, old fools and bad, new fools 19
New marginal speeches 34
The esotericism or the supernatural 34
The “parasciences” 39
Non-republicans domains (religious and forbidden history) 41
Junction of literatures 42
To say something about the invisible and the unspeakable 44
Counterfeiters and ignorants 46
Announcement of the plan 48
Thanks 49
Instructions / Abbreviations 52

First part: read Polányi Károly, step by step

Niv. 2 Niv. 3 Niv. 4 Niv. 5 P.
1.1. Of the past let us make a clean slate 55
1.1.1. Some Practical difficulties that are getting out of hand 57
1.1.1.1. 1st difficulty: the number and the status of the non-published texts 57
1.1.1.2. 2d difficulty: linguistic 59
1.1.1.3. 3d (ex-)difficuly: geografical 60
1.1.1.4. 4th difficulty: the legitimity of heirs 60
1.1.1.5. 5th difficulty: the lost part 65
1.1.1.5.1. Lost in the non-translation 68
1.1.1.5.2. Eventual loss of documents and grey areas 76
1.1.1.5.3. “Hamlet” [1954]: a text à clef? 89
1.1.1.6. 6th difficulty: the weight of the story of the reading of Polányi and his relation to Marx 97
1.1.1.6.1. 1st reason: a time conducive to defectors of Marxism and explanation of the third level of analysis 89
1.1.1.6.2. 2d reason: a Lamarckian shrink – make the investment profitable (self-reinforcing) 101
1.1.1.6.3. 3d reason: personal affinities of relatives of Polányi Károly with Marxism 104
1.1.2. Back to Polányi 117
1.2. Is there a thought of Polányi and if so, what is it? 118
1.2.1. 1st explanatory diagram: according to a political angle 122
1.2.1.1. 1st problem: instrumental use of Polányi 122
1.2.1.2. 2d problem: a debatable highlight of The great transformation 124
1.2.1.3. 3d problem: misunderstandings and disguise of polanyian thinking 126
1.2.2. 2d explanatory diagram: separating differents Polányi Károly 130
1.2.2.1. “Diachronic” differences 130
1.2.2.2. “Synchronic” differences 135
1.2.3. 3d explanatory diagram: a thought as “problems solving” 137
1.2.3.1. An inspiration: Felix Schafer 137
1.2.3.2. A refusal of labeling a priori Polányi’s thinking 141
1.2.3.3. Polányi’s problem 143

Second part: deconstruct polanyian sophistic, piece by piece

Niv. 2 Niv. 3 Niv. 4 Niv. 5 P.
2.1. General principles of polanyian sophistic 154
2.1.1. Texts with a blurred status, built as editorials 156
2.1.1.1. The ambiguous status of his project and texts 158
2.1.1.2. Polanyian sophistic 162
2.1.1.3. Editorial technic 171
2.1.1.4. No coherence from one text to another nor, sometimes, within a text 180
2.1.1.5. An undemanding audience from where intellectual laziness 183
2.1.2. Rhetoric of intimidation by evidence 187
2.1.2.1. Argument of authority, truncation of thoughts and inheritances both selective and rhetorical 188
2.1.2.2. The forelock-camouflage 189
2.1.2.3. Naturalistic sophism and petition of principle 193
2.1.2.4. Dishonesty vis-à-vis the interlocutor 202
2.1.2.4.1. Involve people in their schemes without asking them anything 202
2.1.2.4.2. To imply the madness or immaturity of the interlocutor 203
2.1.3. Polanyian polylogism 207
2.1.3.1. Seeming of formal logic and apriorism 207
2.1.3.2. The loss of the reader by densification of the affirmations 209
2.1.3.3. Hermeticism of italics 212
2.1.3.4. Non-scientific empiricism and sources incompatibilities 214
2.1.3.5. Theft of concepts 215
2.1.3.6. The mix of genres 216
2.1.3.6.1. Who is he inspired from? 216
2.1.3.6.2. How to think this mix of genres? 217
2.2. Two examples: embeddedness and the fictitious commodities 218
2.2.1. Economy and society (embeddedness) 220
2.2.1.1. Two versions of the theme: as separation and as inversion of hierarchies 220
2.2.1.2. Political problem of the unity of a society 231
2.2.1.3. Epistemological problem of the distinction of economy and politic 233
2.2.2. “Fictitious commodities” sophism 237
2.2.2.1. Reel and fictitious commodities for Polányi 240
2.2.2.2. Problematic heterogeneity of the three “fictitious commodities” and the abandonment of the theme 247
2.2.2.3. A problem specific to the “market society”? 251
2.2.3.4. How does this distinction relate to the idea of scarcity? 261
2.2.3. The solidarity of the two themes 262

Third part: reconstruct Polányi puzzle, gradually

Niv. 2 Niv. 3 Niv. 4 Niv. 5 P.
Introduction: the lack of systematicity in his thinking 269
Status of this lack 270
Thinkers that inspired Polányi and which he could have taken as an example 276
3.1. The anthropology 282
3.1.1. A hollow anthropology 284
3.1.1.1. An anthropology in the filiation of the Gospels 284
3.1.1.1.1. Presences of the spirit of Jesus in polanyian texts 286
3.1.1.1.2. Polányi, the spirit of the Jesus of the Gospels and his visible absence 299
3.1.1.2. The characteristics of this anthropology 324
3.1.1.2.1. One never solved point: the causality between infrastructure and superstructure 324
3.1.1.2.2. An (ambiguous) universalism 325
3.1.1.2.3. A spontaneist anarchism 369
3.1.1.2.4. The immediacy of human relationships and the problem of objectivations 371
3.1.2. From the individual (within a community) to the person 372
3.1.2.1. Reconstruction of a physiology and psychology from snatches 372
3.1.2.2. Individualism, personnalism and humanism 373
3.1.2.2.1. The individualism against holism 375
3.1.2.2.2. The individualism as subjectivism 376
3.1.2.2.3. The individualism as egalitarianism 377
3.1.2.2.4. The person (the rich individual) 382
3.1.2.3. First consequences 394
3.1.2.3.1. An epistemological critic of the formal reason 394
3.1.2.3.2. An unfinished critique of the notion of (political) economy 395
3.2. Human relations, the technology and the community 422
3.2.1. The extensions of the person: family and community 422
3.2.1.1. Family, sexuality and conservatism/naturalism on Polányi’s thinking 422
3.2.1.2. Human relations and the community 424
3.2.1.3. The apories of Polányi facing Modernity 428
3.2.2. Science, technology and the Machine 429
3.2.2.1. Polanyian critic of industrialization 429
3.2.2.2. Historical schemes 431
3.2.2.2.1. The medium-term scheme or pathological degeneration pattern of the “market society” 434
3.2.2.2.2. The long-term scheme or scheme of Revelations 446
3.3. Calculus, the rationality and the society 450
3.3.1. Problems of calculus and quantification 450
3.3.1.1. The refusal of quantification, an anthropologic vision 450
3.3.1.2. Evolution of the reflection on the calculation (Zurechnungsproblem) 454
3.3.1.2.1. The problem of calculus in political economy with “Western” tools (1922-1944) 454
3.3.1.2.2. The Great Transformation as tipping point
463
3.3.1.2.3. The problem resumed or abandoned by the yardstick of a larger scale (1934-1964)
477
3.3.1.3. The calculus against the human relation 503
3.3.2. Against the formal rationality (generally) 508
3.3.2.1. Modalities of formal and material rationalities 508
3.3.2.2. An exacerbated Austriacism? 509
3.3.3. Not founded good rationality and society 511
3.3.3.1. In search of a catallactic and not a type of (political) ‘economy’ 514
3.3.3.1.1. What to keep of Polányi and his substantivism
516
3.3.3.1.2. Catallactic and renewal of categories
519
3.3.3.1.3. A continuum in human activity
520
3.3.3.2. The catallactic: a science of catallaxical orders 526
3.3.3.2.1. What is an exchange?
526
3.3.3.2.2. Catallactic is not just a science of exchanges
534
3.3.3.2.3. Different ways of allocating wealth and their use
535
3.3.3.3. In search of a political model to think society 536

Conclusion

Niv. 2 Niv. 3 Niv. 4 P.
Problems not solved by Polanyi 541
Tracks that remain open 547

Appendices / Working Notes / Tracks for further developments

Niv. 2 Niv. 3 Niv. 4 P.
A. Relations between Polányi and some people 552
A1. Relatives 553
A1.1. Pollaczek Mihály (Hamlet and Jesus) 553
A1.2. Ilona Duczyńska and Kari (Polanyi-)Levitt 558
A1.3. Jászi Oszkár 560
A1.4. Rosemary Arnold 563
A2. Sources of inspiration 567
A2.1. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel 570
A2.2. Karl Marx 583
A.2.3. Rudolf Steiner 594
A2.4. Max Weber and Carl Menger 596
A2.5. Ludwig von Mises 649
A2.6. The Austrian School generally (Weber, Menger, von Böhm-Bawerk, von Wieser, Hans Mayer, von Mises, Hayek) 654
A2.7. North-american institutionnalists 655
A2.8. Sombart and German formalists of the end of XIXth / beginning of XXth centuries 656
A3. The financiers and sponsors[1] 657
A3.1. In Hungary and Austria: everything with the Freemasonry (1908-1921) 657
A3.2. In Bennington, Vermont: The Great Transformation, a command book? (1941-1943) 659
A3.3. Columbia years: an (involuntary?) agent of the CIA? (1947-1958) 659
A4. The thinkers with whom to compare him 661
A4.1. Ignác Martinovics, Jakob Böhme and Jan Amos Komenský (Comenius) 661
A4.2. French personnalists 662
A4.3. Friedrich Hayek 683
A4.4. Michel Foucault and the New Left 684
B. What has been said about Polányi since his death 686
B1. Themes of the secondary literature 686
B2. International conferences on Polányi Károly 691
C. Note on the status of the Polányi’s texts 693
D. Table of correspondence of the pages of the different editions of The Great Transformation 697